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Showing posts with label Shotgun. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Shotgun. Show all posts

Thursday, June 30, 2016

Field Reload Kit With Brass Shotgun Ammo

"Urban Man: Here is another great video from a friend of mine."

Warning: For educational purposes only. Use these techniques at your own risk.


1. Brass shot shells (size for weapon system being used, 12 gauge, etc.)
2. Shot
3. Pyrodex Rifle and shotgun powder (or preferred brand)
4. 209 shotgun primers
5. Large pistol primers
6. Wadding material
7. Over shot card material
8. Lighter and glue stick
9. Primer crimp tool or "C" clamp setup with deep well socket
10. Primer removal tool
11. Powder tamper tool
12. Powder and shot measuring tool
13. Container for brass shells
14. Container to store kit
15. 15/64 inch drill bit
16. 23/64 inch drill bit
17. Wad and over shot cutter tool
18. Drill
19. Flat piece metal stock
20. Rubber hammer or similar 
21. Flat piece of wood stock

Converting brass shell to accept the 209 primer:

1. First use the 15/64 drill bit and drill out the primer hole.
2. Using a 23/64 drill bit, drill a slight recess in the primer hole deep enough to allow the primer rim to seat flush with the bottom of the shell. See photo above.
3. Seat the 209 primer like you would a regular 12 gauge shell when reloading.

Note: Shotgun firing these types of reloads need to be cleaned more often than factory loaded ammo.

Saturday, June 25, 2016

Reload 209 Shotgun Primers Using Field Expedient Methods

Warning: For educational purposes only. Use these techniques at your own risk.

Tools used for field expedient reloading

Items needed to reload 209 primer

Removing 209 primer components

209 primer assembly

"Urban Man" My survival buddy sent me another post in a series of reloading shotgun ammo. This video shows how to reload the primer as well when you have no primer replacements."

Suggested tools used:

1. Antique hand primer crimp tool
2. Wood dowel for powder, wad and shot compressing
3. Primer removal tool with socket base (5/8 inch socket)
4. Rubber hammer
5. Wad cutter tool (for what ever size shell you are loading)
6. Flat punch that fits inside primer cup to flatten out dimple
7. Flat piece of metal stock
8. Flat piece of wood
9. Strike anywhere matches
10. Powder and shot measuring cups
11. Wad material (paper, plastic, wool, etc)
12. Over shot card material (cardboard, playing cards, etc)
13. 5.5 mm socket (used to remove primer cup)
14. Pin or finishing nail used to pound out primer cup.
15. Lighter or similar flame source
16. Glue stick
17. Rifle and shotgun powder with container (I used Pyrodex RS)
18. Bird shot with container (I used #7 1/2 in the video) 

Note: Do not allow the ammo to get wet. Do not jar the ammo around by throwing into an ammo can or something of that nature. Protect the ammo until it is needed. It is best to shoot this ammo from a single shot or double barrel shotgun rather than a pump action. A pump action can be used if you load and fire one round at a time rather than using the pump action.

One drawback from reloading spent primers is the chance that the match head powder or what ever other ignition source was used may not ignite and you get a dude fire.

In the event the primer does not ignite, wait about 60 seconds with the end of the barrel pointed on target in the event there is a cook off. A cook off is when the powder could be smoldering but has not yet ignited. If it ignites and the end of the barrel is pointed toward someone, there may be a chance of an accidental shooting.

Always inspect the shells for damage and cracks. Do not reuse or shoot damaged ammo. Use safety glasses when loading your ammo and keep open flames away from your powder. 

Saturday, June 18, 2016

Fielding Expedient Ammo Reloading

"Urban Man~ Here is an interesting lesson from a survival buddy of mine."

Caution: This lesson is for educational purposes only. Gun powder is dangerous. Firing damaged or incorrectly loaded ammo is dangerous as well.

There may be a time in ones life when it may become necessary to have to reload ammo in the field, especially in a wilderness survival situation or the collapse of society. 

We are comfortable in knowing that at the moment we have access to ready made store bought ammo. But, what if that luxury was some how taken away? What if there were no stores left or available to purchase our ammo?

In such as situation, ammo can still be available if one knew how to obtain what was needed to reload their own. Spent ammo shells, especially shotgun shells can be found laying around all over the desert. Primers can be reconditioned and reloaded. Black powder can be homemade. Lead shot can be made from scrape lead.

You really do not need fancy reloading equipment in order to reload ammo in an emergency or self reliant situation.

Learn now to start saving your spent ammo hulls and shells. Set them aside to be reloaded at a later date when the time is needed.

Here are the steps that were covered in the video to reload a 12 gauge shell: (if this is the first time a plastic shotgun shell is being used, cut the top crimp fingers off the shell where the crimp line meets the star crimp.)

1. Remove primer
2. Install a new primer
3. Measure powder and add to shell
4. Using dowel rod, gently compress the powder in the shell
5. Add correct amount of wading (plastic, paper, animal hair, leather, etc.)
6. Using dowel rod again, gently compress the wad into the shell
7. Add correct amount of shot. (insure that there is enough room at the opening of the shell to add the over-shot card)
8. Add over-shot card and compress gently with dowel rod
9. Add glue over top of shot card ensuring that the inside walls of the shell receive glue as well
10. Immediately add another shot card over the top of the first one and apply gentle pressure to allow glue to spread out

Note: Do not allow the ammo to get wet. Do not jar the ammo around by throwing into an ammo can or something of that nature. Protect the ammo until it is needed. It is best to shoot this ammo from a single shot or double barrel shotgun rather than a pump action. A pump action can be used if you load and fire one round at a time rather than using the pump action.

Always inspect the shells for damage and cracks. Do not reuse or shoot damaged ammo. Use safety glasses when loading your ammo and keep open flames away from your powder. 

Wednesday, January 27, 2010

Survival Chronicles of Jim – Chapter 3

Got a Shotgun! A Mossberg Model 500 Tactical. Mine is a standard blued model, but you can buy them in Mossy Oak or similar camouflage. To tell you the truth I can't remember the difference between Woodland and Mossy Oak or whatever. I remember the Survival guys telling me to stay away from camouflaged items as they tend to stand out and bring more scrutiny, particularly from persons of authority. I also purchased 25 rounds of #8 shot birdshot, 25 rounds of 00 buckshot and 10 rounds of 1 ounce Slugs to start. I plan on buying additional ammunition every month,…25 rounds here and there until I have a basic load. I also bought a 12 gauge brass bore brush but neglected to buy a cleaning rod, solvent and oil which I’ll pickup tonight on the way home.

I got to say having a shotgun in the house makes me feel a lot safer. I realize that I need to not only start shooting it regularly but to also get one of my Law Enforcement pals to give me some pointers. I really like the shot shell carrier on the collapsible stock of the shotgun where I can store six additional rounds of 12 gauge, as I am only loading three rounds in the tubular magazine as per guidance from the Survival guys. I am also going to order a V-TAC padded Tactical Sling from

I picked up a Camel Bak Talon backpack with hydration bladder to serve as my Survival Bug Out Bag. Added six of the MRE’s I was given and my extra flashlight batteries, but could not decide on storing my flashlight inside the Bug Out Bag or keep by my night stand. I understand now when I was told that a person needs multiple flashlights, a re-charger and a good store of re-chargeable batteries.
Until next time - stay prepared!

Saturday, January 23, 2010

Urban Survival Tool - Guns

The first rule of a gun fight is to have a gun. Seriously, without a firearm your ability to protect yourself and your family falls significantly. We think your mind and the ability to make quick, rational decisions is your best weapon, but without a gun you take away options.

Back to the first rule,…have a gun,……or have several guns for that matter. Another rule of ours (can’t remember which number) is “one is none, two is one”, which means have a backup whether it’s a tool, a piece of gear, or a plan,….have a backup. If you are one of those people who are 10%’ers, that is people who are minimal committed to establishing survival plans, then you may not be willing to expend a lot of money buying guns or a lot of time getting proficient with them. That’s okay,… you are the people we’re initially trying to address and the good news is that you don’t have to spend thousands of dollars on guns and ammunition in order to be prepare in the survival firearms department.

We think the minimal survival firearms arsenal needs to be several guns, each with its own purpose(s). These three guns would be: a 12 gauge shotgun; a handgun for personal defense and a rifle, preferably in a carbine or rifle caliber but if it has to be a twenty two (.22 caliber) rimfire then so be it.

Shotgun. A 12 gauge shotgun is a vital survival firearm. Using Buckshot rounds it becomes a substantial defensive weapon albeit with a minimal range. With birdshot rounds you can hunt and procure small game and birds. Using slug rounds, which are usually one ounce lead slugs, you have fairly accurate firearms for up to 100 yards capable of damaging vehicles as well as hunting bigger game. Our recommended shotgun is the Remington Model 870 pump action, also called a slide action, with a barrel of 18.5 inches. A close second is the Mossberg Model 500 or 590 series shotguns which are also a pump action with a similar barrel length. Pump actions are going to be more reliable than semi-automatic shotguns with a wider range of useable ammunition. We suggest holding onto several boxes (25 rounds each) of 00 buckshot, slug and birdshot as a minimal basic load.

Handgun. A defensive handgun often becomes a necessity when performing tasks that require one or both hands,…that’s why it’s called a handgun, because it’s handy and can be operated with one hand. Some considerations for a handgun include what gun is comfortable for you and what caliber are you not only also comfortable with but what is common and fairly available. Some handguns are more complicated than others with de-cocking levers and manual safeties. We think the best options for a person relatively new to handguns would be a .38 caliber revolver. Even better a .357 Magnum revolver as .38 Special ammunition, as well as .357 Magnum ammunition can be fired in this gun. If you are bound and determined to possess a semi-automatic, then a common caliber such as 9mm, .40 S&W or .45 ACP would be much better than, say, a .45 WIN MAG. Very good guns in these calibers, in our opinion, are the S&W M&P 9mm semi-auto or a Glock Model 17 or 19 in 9mm. Having a couple of 50 round boxes of ammunition on hand would be a minimal suggestion.

Rifle. There are thousands of households in the country with “hand me down” rifles inherited from Grandpa’s, Uncles and Dad’s through the years. Old war relics like .30-40 Krag or .30-06 Springfield bolt action rifles are common, Winchester lever action rifles usually in .30-30 caliber and many others. If you already have one of these, great! Learn how to use it as you should with all your firearms. Buy several (or more) boxes of ammunition for it. If you don’t have one, then again consider the caliber that you are comfortable with. Common calibers that we recommend would be .223 Remington also known as 5.56mm (the military M16 cartridge), .308 Winchester, .30-06 Springfield and others. Magazine fed rifles, usually cartridges in a box magazine inserted into the receiver of the gun have an advantage in the amount of ammunition that can be fired before re-loading and in the speed of re-loading, but are usually more expensive. Our personal choice for survival rifles include the M-4 Carbine in .223 made well from a variety of sources including Rock River Arms, Colt and others; a M-14 or M1A1 rifle in .308 Winchester, but we recognize that these rifles are usually bought by very committed people or by experienced gun owners. If you are just comfortable with a .22 rifle, then great. The advantage here is .22 long rifle is a common cartridge, much cheaper than larger centerfire ammunition, easier to shoot and usually possess decent accuracy out to 100 yards for so. The big disadvantage is the small caliber is a poor man stopping round against attackers or even animals. Perhaps a compromise would be a .22 caliber magazine fed rifle such as the excellent Ruger 10/22 AND a less expensive bolt action, pump or lever action rifle. Rifle ammunition is expensive, running sometimes $40 per 20 rounds but certainly you can find it cheaper. We suggest having 60 to 100 rounds per rifle, unless you have a rifle in .22 LR then we suggest 1,000 rds. Our latest buy of .22 ammunition from Wal-Mart cost $16 for 500 rounds so you can see the significance and economy of having a 22 rifle, even if you have a larger caliber rifle.